Green and pleasant … Elqui valley, Chile

Elqui valley

Inland From the second oldest city of Chile, the Rastrina Stark Mountains encloses the Elqui Valley, which unfolds into the Andes. Barren mountain slopes and the backbone but the bottom is carpet of fresh green vines of grape Pisco (Chilean classic brandy). This fertile oasis in the south of the Atacama Desert is not only the place where Pisco tastes – big brands such as Mistral Winery visit, as well as watching the center of the six stars of the Observatory, more and more hotels. Most of the equipment is in the dark sky of the El Pizzo village of Adobe ubiquitous. Arriving there 100 km east of Pisco Elqui, Lasserina. The bus leaves the bus every half hour from the terminal in the daytime in Los Serena (£ 3.50) and passes by the airport on the way to the Elqui Valley.

Cajón del Maipo, the Andes

Cajón del Maipo, the Andes

The mountains that tower above Santiago are among the highest of the Andes (Tupungato, 50 miles east of the city, rises to 6,500 metres) and you can travel into them by driving up the Camino al Volcán, alongside the Maipo river up to Cajón del Maipo. Santiaguinos flock to this Andean playground each weekend seeking high adventure, yet most foreigners simply zip in and out on half-day rafting tours from the capital. Stick around for a while and you can camp by the river, hike to San Francisco glacier, cycle to the geothermal baths of Baños Morales, or even ski down the side of a mountain (June-August) at the affordable resort: Lagunillas (lift tickets from £18). Getting there Metrobus 72 runs from the Bellavista la Florida metro station in Santiago up to San José de Maipo (year-round) or Baños Morales (Jan-March) for £9.50. Private buses depart from Baquedano metro station on weekends.

Central valley’s parks, waterfalls and pools

Velo de la Novia

Radal Siete Tazas national park – an easy addition to any Central valley wine-tasting trip – is an oasis of greenery in an otherwise barren corner of the Andes. The park is named after the Siete Tazas (seven cups), a series of pools in a narrow gorge that were carved out of black basalt rock by the Claro river. But there are other sights: the high waterfall El Velo de la Novia and the emerald green lagoon below La Leona waterfall, where many tourists dip their toes in the glacier-fed water. There are two additional swimming holes upriver near Valle de las Catas. Getting there Siete Tazas is 160 miles south of Santiago by car, mostly along the paved Pan-American Highway (until the final 45km). It’s also possible to take the bus from Santiago’s Terminal Sur bus station to Molina (three hours, £3) and from there a bus to Radal Siete Tazas. It’s £5 to enter the park, but an overnight stay at Valle de las Catas in a tent (£8) or cabin (£53) means the entrance fee is included.

Cobquecura and Buchupureo coastline

Young Chilean man using a team of horses to plow a field in Cobquecura

The wild and windswept coastline between Cobquecura and Buchupureo is oddly reminiscent of the west coast of New Zealand’s South Island with emerald green hills and long, lonely stretches of sand. Step a few feet from the beach, however, and the small towns are 100% Chilean with colourful adobe homes and farmers who still use oxen-pulled carts. The epicentre of the 8.8-magnitude earthquake in 2010, these towns fear even more destruction may be coming in the form of large-scale salmon farming. Consequently, they’ve turned to tourism – namely surfing, bass fishing and wildlife viewing (including large colonies of sunbathing sea lions) – to provide a viable economic alternative. Getting there Buses Nilahue runs daily trips from Santiago’s Terminal Sur to Cobquecura (£12). Departure is at 3.50pm and the journey lasts seven hours. Regular buses link Cobquecura with Buchupureo 13km away.

Lago Budi, La Araucanía

Lago Budi, La Araucanía

In a forgotten corner of Chile’s La Araucanía region lies Lago Budi, a saltwater lagoon formed after the devastating Valdivia earthquake and tsunami of 1960 (the most powerful tremor ever recorded). Its shores are populated by Chile’s largest surviving indigenous group, the Mapuche, and several families have recently transformed this serene spot into a unique “ethno-tourism” destination where visitors can sleep in traditional ruka homes, work hand-in-hand with local craftspeople and eat hearty Mapuche foods such as milcao (grated potato patties) and harina tostada (toasted wheat flour). Getting there Two hours west of the regional capital of Temuco (by bus or car), you can either visit Lago Budi on your own or choose one of seven circuit tours offered by the community (available in English or Spanish).

Conguillío national park

Conguillío national park

With a vast forest of ancient araucaria (monkey puzzle) trees, Conguillío national park is one of the last places on earth that looks as it did when dinosaurs roamed the planet. That’s why the BBC series Walking with Dinosaurs put many of its computer-generated creations against the backdrop of Conguillío’s “living fossils”, which date to the mesozoic age. These umbrella-like evergreens jut out from the Andean foothills in all directions, creating a surreal terrain befitting of a long-lost era. The park’s true showstopper, however, is the 3,000-metre Llaima volcano, a conical peak whose last major eruption in 2009 left behind a stark, lava-scarred landscape. Getting there Drive to the southern entrance of Conguillío, 110km from Temuco, to approach via the service town of Melipeuco on roads that don’t require 4WD. Alternatively, Nar Bus (£2.50) leaves Temuco daily at 6.45am for Melipeuco, where the tourism office can arrange a taxi onward into the park.

Pucón

The lakeside resort of Pucón

The forested hills that surround the lakeside resort of Pucón are home to more than a dozen geothermal baths where you can rest weary bones in 40°C waters, often within sight of the smoking Villarrica volcano. The best of the bunch is the stylish Termas Geométricas, where wooden boardwalks lead through a fern-covered canyon to 17 slate-bottomed pools, each with its own toilet, lockers and decking. This sprawling complex boasts cascading waterfalls, fire-heated rest areas and a rushing cool-water river at its core. Getting there Pucón is 100km away from the regional capital of Temuco by car or bus (£2; departures at 8am). Termas Geométricas (entry £16) is two hours further by car or tour (arranged in Pucón) to the southern entrance of Villarrica national park.

Caleta Cóndor beach

Caleta Cóndor beach

Chile boasts a staggering 4,270km of coastline, yet has precious few beaches worthy of a transatlantic journey. Caleta Cóndor is an exception. This bone-white beach is hidden in an indigenous reserve of the Huilliche community who, with the help of the World Wildlife Fund, have been developing tourism infrastructure along a spectacular stretch of Pacific coastline. Tourism is still nascent here and homestays are the only real alternative to camping. Each February the area plays host to one of the world’s most remote arts festivals, Festival Nomade, which draws free-thinkers from near and far. Getting there Regular minibuses connect the regional city of Osorno with Bahía Mansa (£2), where you can book an early morning boat to Caleta Condor (£215 a boat, split among the passengers). If that’s too dear, swap the two-hour boat ride for a two-day hike.

Chilean Lake District

Todos Los Santos Lake

Chile’s Premium Sports Car Country is a government-sponsored program to help rural communities in the Chilean Lakes region (250 miles from the Temuco Port of Montego) to promote real travel opportunities, visitors can not take the unusual way to communicate with the locals (basic Spain help). Turquoise beats the lakes of Santos Lake (Perez Vicente Rosales National Park), which means jumping up a boat and riding an active volcano hut, hut along the road edge. Some visitors will travel by boat from the tiny Peulla picturesque village, in the far-end lake and follow the motorized diary Che Guevara route through the stunning Andean scenery of Bariloche’s Argentine resort. To get there, book a cabana or villa with a Chilean high-level sports car in the countryside and host you in Petrohue will pick you up from the pier, two hours away from the city bus of Połala (£ 3).

Chiloé Island

Mossy forest, Chiloé national park

You can easily make a mistake in the island of Chilu in the hilly countryside of Ireland, but to the south end you will find an 1180 square km temperate rainforest in the pure Chilean Wilderness (and one of the world’s 36 biodiversity hotspots). Tantauco Park opened in 2005 not only to protect the virgin forest, but also rare how to bag (monitor del monte) and the world’s smallest deer (Southern Fudu). This private reserve project is preceded by Chilean President Pinera and has a 93-mile well-signposted trail as well as a well-equipped campsite and unmanned refugios (hut), making it ideal for hiking for many days. Arrival Park is headquartered in Quellon, which receives regular buses from the main city of Castro, Castro (£ 2.50). The transport of Tantauco can be complicated by yourself (and possibly involving a ferry, depending on your destination). Chi Lu is a naturally-run backpacking tour that lasts several days through the park English tour guide.

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